Need for fish feed mills

South African aquaculture expert Adrian Piers says most countries in Africa have good natural resources that will support aquaculture, but traditionally development has been in inland countries like Zambia where people customarily eat fish and the fish in rivers and lakes have been exploited to the maximum.
/~He says there is a big push in South Africa to promote aquaculture. Historically the abalone industry has been prominent in South African aquaculture. Abalone is indigenous and South Africa has legislation which has made it difficult to bring in other species that are not indigenous and farm them. Other indigenous fish like yellowtail and dusky cob are now being examined for aquaculture in South Africa.
In the rest of Africa, the most commonly-farmed fish is tilapia (which is indigenous to Africa). Tilapia is easy to cultivate even on a small scale; a smallholder can dig out a pond and fertilise it and fish live off natural production of nutrients and sunlight.
Tilapia has grown from insignificant levels to one of the major traded commodities in fish in the past 20 years.
Aquaculture has become more sophisticated and more intensive and when fish are kept in an intensive system they need a completely balanced prepared feed. A real limitation in Africa is the number of feed production companies that have the capability of producing feeds like that.
The problem with the feeds is that they deteriorate with time so a feed production plant is needed quite close to the area – this is a constraint in Uganda currently.
Says Piers: ”There is a lot of interest in addressing this  because once it has been addressed aquaculture can take off quite phenomenally in Uganda.”  
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